Scars and Healing/

Xicatrices y Xanaciones

This series is about the term Latinx and Latinx identity. Our premise builds

on Alán Pelaez Lopez’s notion of Latinx as “the visible wound that the ‘X’ forces the Latin American diaspora to confront.” In an effort to heal, this series looks at the wounds of Latinx communities - how we’ve been wounded and how in turn we wound each other. We place urgency on exposing our wounds, because in order to treat an injury, we must see it. Expose it. Examine it. Find its origins and roots.


The introductory episode to our series, Scars and Healings/Xicatrices y

Xanaciones, gives an overview of the term Latinx and explores its


Daniel Marquez
Undergraduate in Political Economy & Chicana/o Studies, & podcast editor at the Latinx Research Center.
Nicole Ubinas
PhD student in African American & Diaspora Studies focusing on Black feminism(s); Afro-Latin America and the Caribbean & diaspora migrations.
Vanessa Flores
Writer & reporter covering extremism. Vanessa is currently a graduate student at UC Berkeley's Graduate School of Journalism.
Stephanie Gutierrez
Undergraduate in Chicanx Studies & Creative Writing at UC Berkeley.


Daniel Márquez, Nicole Ubinas, Stephanie Gutiérrez Rios, & Vanessa Flores

Faculty Advisor

Dr. Laura E. Pérez

Sound Engineer

David Cruz

Media Content Editors at the Latinx Research Center

Abraham Ramirez & Frida Torres

Social Media Manager

Adriana Ortega

Land Acknowledgement: Because this series is being produced at the University of California, Berkeley, we would like to offer a land acknowledgement. By offering a Land Acknowledgement, we recognize that the Latinx Research Center stands on stolen land of xučyun (Huichin), the ancestral and unceded land of the Chochenyo speaking Ohlone people, the successors of the sovereign Verona Band of Alameda County. This land was - and continues to be - of great importance to the Ohlone Tribe and other familial descendants of the Verona Band. We affirm Indigenous sovereignty and will work to hold the University of California Berkeley more accountable to the needs of American Indian, Indigenous Peoples, the Black Lives Matter Movement, and all communities marginalized by colonialism.


Anti-blackness: A structural condition in which Black bodies are constructed as non-human and positioned in relation to death and negation. Systemic discrimination, and violence against Black people, Black thought, and Black ways of being are the material consequences that stem from the global condition of anti-blackness.

Anti-indigeneity: A global structural paradigm in opposition to Indigenous self-determination, political and cultural autonomy, and the right to maintain, use and protect traditional territories and resources. This manifests in the violent erasure and removal of Native peoples and indigenous knowledges. (from: High Country News)

Colonization: The violent process of invading, settling, and taking control of another country, its people, and its resources.

Colonialism: Colonialism can be understood as not a specific moment of conquest or event in the past, but an ongoing violent system of political and economic exploitation and domination over a people and land.

Ethnicity: Ethnicity denotes groups that share common characteristics such as culture, language, religious beliefs and customs as well as histories of migration or colonization.

Non-binary: A term used to describe a person who does not identify exclusively as a man or woman. Non-binary people may identify as neither a man or woman, as both, or somewhere in between. While many also identify as transgender, not all non-binary people do. Non-binary can also be used as an umbrella term encompassing identities such as agender, bigender, genderqueer or gender-fluid. (from: hrc)

Mestizaje: A political and racial ideology of racial mixing in Latin America which countries use to falsely identify themselves as racially and culturally homogenous and to deny the existence of racism. Governments utilized the logic of mestizaje to promote interracial relations and pursue policies of blanqueamiento (whitening) by encouraging European migration in order to “dilute” the African and indigenous ancestry of the population (i.e. mejorar la raza or improve the race).

Panethnicity: A term used to group together multiple ethnic groups of similar geographic regions. These groups often have diverse ethnic, racial, cultural, linguistic, and religious backgrounds. Some examples of panethnicities are Latino or Latinx, Asian American, Pacific Islander.

Patriarchy: A structure of power in which male dominance is exerted and reinforced through various institutions across all social, political, and economic spheres. In this unequal system of power, masculinity is privileged and preferred while femininity is subordinated and devalued.

Race: A socially constructed category that is not rooted in biological or scientific legitimacy. While race is socially constructed, the meanings attached to our physical differences that make up this system of social stratification produce real and material consequences. Fundamentally, race is a power relationship in which groups are classified into a hierarchy to assign human worth and social status.

Queer: A term often used to encompass those who do not identify exclusively as heterosexual and/or folks who have non-binary or genderexpansive identities. This term was previously used as a slur, but has been reclaimed by many parts of the LGBTQ movement. (from: hrc)


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