Scars and Healing/

Xicatrices y Xanaciones

This series is about the term Latinx and Latinx identity. Our premise builds

on Alán Pelaez Lopez’s notion of Latinx as “the visible wound that the ‘X’ forces the Latin American diaspora to confront.” In an effort to heal, this series looks at the wounds of Latinx communities - how we’ve been wounded and how in turn we wound each other. We place urgency on exposing our wounds, because in order to treat an injury, we must see it. Expose it. Examine it. Find its origins and roots.

EPISODE ONE

The introductory episode to our series, Scars and Healings/Xicatrices y

Xanaciones, gives an overview of the term Latinx and explores its

significance.

Daniel Marquez
Undergraduate in Political Economy & Chicana/o Studies, & podcast editor at the Latinx Research Center.
Nicole Ubinas
PhD student in African American & Diaspora Studies focusing on Black feminism(s); Afro-Latin America and the Caribbean & diaspora migrations.
Vanessa Flores
Writer & reporter covering extremism. Vanessa is currently a graduate student at UC Berkeley's Graduate School of Journalism.
Stephanie Gutierrez
Undergraduate in Chicanx Studies & Creative Writing at UC Berkeley.

Writers/Editors/Producers

Daniel Márquez, Nicole Ubinas, Stephanie Gutiérrez Rios, & Vanessa Flores

Faculty Advisor

Dr. Laura E. Pérez

Sound Engineer

David Cruz

Media Content Editors at the Latinx Research Center

Abraham Ramirez & Frida Torres

Social Media Manager

Adriana Ortega

Land Acknowledgement: Because this series is being produced at the University of California, Berkeley, we would like to offer a land acknowledgement. By offering a Land Acknowledgement, we recognize that the Latinx Research Center stands on stolen land of xučyun (Huichin), the ancestral and unceded land of the Chochenyo speaking Ohlone people, the successors of the sovereign Verona Band of Alameda County. This land was - and continues to be - of great importance to the Ohlone Tribe and other familial descendants of the Verona Band. We affirm Indigenous sovereignty and will work to hold the University of California Berkeley more accountable to the needs of American Indian, Indigenous Peoples, the Black Lives Matter Movement, and all communities marginalized by colonialism.

GLOSSARY

Anti-blackness: A structural condition in which Black bodies are constructed as non-human and positioned in relation to death and negation. Systemic discrimination, and violence against Black people, Black thought, and Black ways of being are the material consequences that stem from the global condition of anti-blackness.

Anti-indigeneity: A global structural paradigm in opposition to Indigenous self-determination, political and cultural autonomy, and the right to maintain, use and protect traditional territories and resources. This manifests in the violent erasure and removal of Native peoples and indigenous knowledges. (from: High Country News)

Colonization: The violent process of invading, settling, and taking control of another country, its people, and its resources.

Colonialism: Colonialism can be understood as not a specific moment of conquest or event in the past, but an ongoing violent system of political and economic exploitation and domination over a people and land.

Ethnicity: Ethnicity denotes groups that share common characteristics such as culture, language, religious beliefs and customs as well as histories of migration or colonization.

Non-binary: A term used to describe a person who does not identify exclusively as a man or woman. Non-binary people may identify as neither a man or woman, as both, or somewhere in between. While many also identify as transgender, not all non-binary people do. Non-binary can also be used as an umbrella term encompassing identities such as agender, bigender, genderqueer or gender-fluid. (from: hrc)

Mestizaje: A political and racial ideology of racial mixing in Latin America which countries use to falsely identify themselves as racially and culturally homogenous and to deny the existence of racism. Governments utilized the logic of mestizaje to promote interracial relations and pursue policies of blanqueamiento (whitening) by encouraging European migration in order to “dilute” the African and indigenous ancestry of the population (i.e. mejorar la raza or improve the race).

Panethnicity: A term used to group together multiple ethnic groups of similar geographic regions. These groups often have diverse ethnic, racial, cultural, linguistic, and religious backgrounds. Some examples of panethnicities are Latino or Latinx, Asian American, Pacific Islander.

Patriarchy: A structure of power in which male dominance is exerted and reinforced through various institutions across all social, political, and economic spheres. In this unequal system of power, masculinity is privileged and preferred while femininity is subordinated and devalued.

Race: A socially constructed category that is not rooted in biological or scientific legitimacy. While race is socially constructed, the meanings attached to our physical differences that make up this system of social stratification produce real and material consequences. Fundamentally, race is a power relationship in which groups are classified into a hierarchy to assign human worth and social status.

Queer: A term often used to encompass those who do not identify exclusively as heterosexual and/or folks who have non-binary or genderexpansive identities. This term was previously used as a slur, but has been reclaimed by many parts of the LGBTQ movement. (from: hrc)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Cuervo, Arlene B. Gamio. Latinx: A Brief Handbook for the Princeton LGBT Center, Summer 2016. https://www.academia.edu/29657615/Latinx_A_Brief_Guidebook

deOnís, Catalina M. “What is an ‘X’? An Exchange About the Politics of ‘Latinx.’” Chiricú Journal: Latina/o Literatures, Arts, and Cultures vol. 1, no. 2 (Spring 2017): 78-91. https://muse-jhu-edu.libproxy.berkeley.edu/article/664597

Gutiérrez, Ramon A. “What’s in a Name? The History and Politics of Hispanic andLatino Panethnicities.” In The New Latino Studies Reader: A Twenty-FirstCentury Perspective, edited by Ramon A. Gutiérrez and Tomás Almaguer, 19-53. Oakland: University of California Press, 2016. https://www-jstor-org.libproxy.berkeley.edu/stable/10.1525/j.ctv1xxz2h.6?refreqid=excelsior%3A7bab83a74fe8b5e4c8501348b069d92d&seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents

Guzmán, Joshua Javier. “Latino, the Word.” English Language Notes vol. 56, no. 2(October 2018): 143-145. https://www.academia.edu/37862404/Latino_the_word?email_work_card=vieW-paper

Harris, Dash. “No, I’m Not A Proud Latina.” Refinery29, September 29, 2020. https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/latinx-identity-black-history-personal-essay

Herlihy-Mera, Jefferey. “The Cross-Lingual Interse(x)tionality of ‘Latinx.’” TheChronicle of Higher Education, May 1, 2018. https://www.academia.edu/40003706/The_Cross-Lingual_Interse_x_tionality_of_Latinx

Hinojosa, Maria. “Latinx: The Ungendering of the Spanish Language.” NPR, January 29,2016. https://www.npr.org/2016/01/29/464886588/latinx-the-ungendering-of-the-spanish-language

Lopez, Alan Pelaez. “The X in Latinx is a Wound Not a Trend.” ColorBloq. https://www.colorbloq.org/the-x-in-latinx-is-a-wound-not-a-trend

Mignolo, Walter. The Idea of Latin America. Oxford: Blackwell Pub. 2015. https://www.academia.edu/1747245/Mignolo_The_Idea_of_Latina_America

Milian, Claudia. “Extremely Latin, XOXO: Notes on LatinX.” Cultural Dynamics vol.29, iss. 3 (2017): 121-140.https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0921374017727850

--- Latining America: Black-Brown Passages and the Coloring of Latino/a Studies.Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2013.https://ugapress.org/book/9780820344362/latining-america/

--- Latinx. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2019. https://muse-jhu-edu.libproxy.berkeley.edu/book/73151/

Morales, Ed. Latinx: The New Force in American Politics and Culture. Brooklyn: Verso,2018.https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat04202a&AN=ucb.b24715498&site=eds-live&authtype=ip,guest&custid=s1226370&groupid=main&profile=eds

Salinas Jr., Cristobal. “The Complexity of the ‘X’ in Latinx: How Latinx/a/o StudentsRelate To, Identify With, and Understand the Term Latinx.” Journal of HispanicHigher Education vol. 19, no.2 (2020): 149-168. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338551331_The_Complexity_of_the_x_in_Latinx_How_Latinxao_Students_Relate_to_Identify_With_and_Understand_the_Term_Latinx

Scharrón-del Rio, María, Alan A. Aja. “ Latinx: Inclusive Language as Liberation Praxis.”Journal of Latinx Psychology vol. 8, no. 1 (2020): 7-20.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338924581_Latinx_Inclusive_Language_as_Liberation_Praxis

Schelenz, Robyn, Nicole Freeling. “What’s in a Name? How the Concepts of Hispanicand Latino Emerged.” University of California News, October 10, 2019. https://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/news/whats-in-a-name-how-concepts-hispanic-and-latino-Identity-emerged

Simón, Yara. “Hispanic vs. Latino vs. Latinx: A Brief History of How These WordsOriginated.” Remezcla, 2018.https://remezcla.com/features/culture/latino-vs-hispanic-vs-latinx-how-these-words-originated/

Smith-Matta, Quinn. “Anti-Blackness in Latinx Countries is the Result of DeliberateCultural Policy.” RaceBaitr, January 18, 2018.https://racebaitr.com/2018/01/18/anti-blackness-in-latinx-countries/#

Tenorio-Trillo, Mauricio. Latin America: The Allure and Power of An Idea. Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 2017.https://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/L/bo25581658.html

Tlapoyawa, Kurly. “Latinx? No Thanx.” Mexika.org, February 28, 2018. https://mexika.org/2018/02/28/latinx-no-thankx/

Vidal-Ortiz, Salvador, Juliana Martínez. “Latinx Thoughts: Latinidad with an X.” LatinoStudies No. 16 (2018): 384-395. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327404627_Latinx_thoughts_Latinidad_with_an_X


MUSIC

Jorge & Nicole. “Cielito Lindo.” 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vG4rideUXfQ

Cheo Feliciano. “Anacaona.” Cheo. Fania Records, originally published in 1971. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pRhKY1jVJwE

Willie Colon. “El Gran Varon.” Legal Alien - Top Secrets. Willie Colon, 1989. https://open.spotify.com/track/3TyMFBLPobtMaH8oeY0sMP

TONANA. “Xquenda.” Xquenda. TONANA Produciones, 1998. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lzznRAboQmU

Virgínia Massemba. “Yaya Massemba.” Casa de Fulô Produções, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-70cBxqHYE

Joe Arroyo. “La Rebelion.” Magenta, 2007. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dPCB_RDyehE


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